Bunion is a bony bump that develops on the inside of the forefoot at the big toe joint and can be painful. They are often referred to as hallux valgus.
Bunions develop slowly and due to the pressure the big toe can drift toward the second toe. The deformity will gradually increase and may make it painful to wear shoes or walk.
Anyone can get a bunion, but they are more common in women. Women who wear a tight, narrow shoe that squeeze the toes together are more likely to develop bunion, increased risk of bunion worsening and also have more commonly painful symptoms.
In most cases, pain is relieved by wearing wider shoes with adequate toe room and using other simple treatments to reduce pressure on the big toe.
Surgery may be recommend for a bunion if you have pain and difficulty walking despite changes in footwear and other nonsurgical treatments. Bunion surgery realigns bone, ligaments and tendons so that the big toe can be brought back to its correct position.
There are several surgical procedures to correct bunions. Although most procedures are done with overnight hospital stay, longer recovery time after surgery is common.
Surgery to remove an adolescent bunion is not recommended unless the bunion causes extreme pain that does not improve with a change in footwear or addition of orthotics. If an adolescent has bunion surgery, particularly before reaching skeletal maturity, there is a strong chance of recurrence of the bunion.